[8] 165,000 claimed by the Polisario and Algerian government. [9] 45,000–50,000 claimed by the Moroccan government. The SADR government is based in the Tindouf refugee camps in Algeria.It controls the area east of the Moroccan Wall in Western Sahara which it labels the "Free Zone". The Saharawi Refugee Camps were set up in 1975-1976 to house Saharawi refugees from Morocco's occupation of Western Sahara. For full functionality of this page it is necessary to enable JavaScript. [3], The exact number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria is unknown however there have been may estimates. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Photographs of the Sahrawi refugee camps of Tindouf and the Liberated Territories of the Westren Sahara. Video from yesterday's reception of Saharawi People's Liberation Army soldiers, returning from the front lines of the ongoing liberation war against Morocco. Here are the, instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. The Saharawi refugees living in camps in southwestern Algeria were forced to flee their homes in Western Sahara in 1975, when Morocco’s claim over the territory triggered an armed conflict with the Polisario Front, a liberation movement recognized by the United Nations (UN) as the legitimate … Uncertainty about the political future of Western Sahara deterred the ethnic Sahrawi refugees from returning home. The Saharawi People are nomadic and from time immemorial have travelled throughout North Africa in The UNCHR classifies 90,000 of these refugees as vulnerable. Older students set their sights on university in Algeria or Spain. An indigenous Sahrawi woman walks outside her tent in Al Smara refugee camp. Children make the best of things, playing with a ball outside the tents they call home, or using a makeshift seesaw made from a wooden plank and an oil barrel. After 45 years of displacement, the Saharawi refugee crisis is one of the most protracted in the world. The biggest concentration of Sahrawi refugees was created in 1975–76, when Sahrawi refugees were fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War between Morocco and Sahrawi Polisario Front. The European Commission refers to the Sahrawi refugees as the "forgotten refugees". Over and over the refugees are heard saying they want to go back home to Western Sahara, a region mired in a four-decade deadlock. Landscape of Bojador, one of the Saharawi refugee camps (SADR, Algeria). UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon plans to visit the camps on March 5. At the local school and nursery, where teachers are indigenous Sahrawi, refugees try to get ahead through education. Algerian authorities have estimated the number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria to be 165,000. Danielle Mitterand heads to the Saharawi refugee camp … In February of 2008, the territory held its elections for the Sahrawi National Council. Saharawi Women with Melfa, typical dress by women in Western Sahara in the Saharawi refugee camp Dakhla on December 14, 2009 in Tindouf, Algeria. "Income-generating activities are scarce" for the refugees, the UNHCR says. Saharawi refugee camp in Tindouf Province, Algeria Algerian authorities have estimated the number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria to be 165,000. In 2005, I was invited by UNICEF ALGERIA as an advisor for the project “Family gardens and school gardens in the Saharawi refugee camps in South-East Algeria”. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Those refugees ended up in Sahrawi refugee camps in the Tindouf Province, Algeria. Saharawi refugee camps (Tindouf) SITUATION REPORT December 2015 5 The MOE has validated the approach and the tool. The refugee camps are situated in the western part of the Algerian desert, near the frontier between Algeria and the SADR. For every Saharawi person, the camps are still a temporary solution, but the idea of ‘temporary’ has by now become feeble, as they reach the third generation of the refugees who outran the war. In refugee camps near the town of Tindouf in the arid south-west of Algeria conditions are hard for indigenous Sahrawi residents. Video was shot in Smara refugee camp. An indigenous Sahrawi man carries a tray of tea while his brother rebuilds their house. Those refugees ended up in Sahrawi refugee camps in the Tindouf Province, Algeria. [1][2] UNHCR is in dialogue with the Algerian Government and the Sahrawi refugee leadership, seeking to conduct a census to determine the exact number of refugees in the camps.[1]. In two of the camps, Boudjdour and Al Smara, there are no streetlights. Algerian authorities have... Sahrawi children carry water with a donkey through the Sahara Desert near the Sahrawi refugee camp in … It is run by the Polisario Front, which is Western Sahara’s … Since the creation of the Sahrawi refugee problem in the 1970s, a significant number of Sahrawi refugees have tried to upgrade their status, by leaving the refugee camps in Tindouf and the northern villages in Mauritania. Dispensaries at the Navarra Hospital (Tifariti) are filled up with medicines sent by humanitarian agencies. Saharawi Refugees Camps-Tindouf- Algeria Humanitarian Situation Report #3 Cracks in the walls, L egronio Shool - Daira B oukraa- camp de Laayoun e . Set deep in the desert outside Tindouf, Algeria, the Sahrawi refugee camps are a remote yet lively political hub. The camps are home to 173,000 refugees of a forgotten conflict: an older generation who remember the war against Morocco from 1975 to 1991, and a younger generation born in the camps since the latter year’s ceasefire agreement. A man makes bricks to rebuild his family home. The biggest concentration of Sahrawi refugees was created in 1975–76, when Sahrawi refugees were fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War between Morocco and Sahrawi Polisario Front. International aid has kept the needs and hopes of the Saharawi refugees going for almost four decades of exile. The UNHCR and other humanitarian assistance agencies had virtually no contact with those refugees. Most lived in the northern town of Zouérat and the coastal town of Nouadhibou on Mauritania's northern border. Tankers deliver water once a month. The Sahrawis who did not flee have been given Moroccan citizenship. The camps' residents are "mainly dependent on humanitarian assistance with little prospect for self-reliance.". Primary education is free of charge. Saharawi refugee dwelling in Smara camp, Algeria.jpg 400 × 302; 102 KB Saharawi refugee women with flour in Dakhla, Algeria.jpg 400 × 300; 153 KB Saharawi … By 2015, it was estimated that Moroccan settlers made up at least two thirds of the 500,000 inhabitants. [4][5] United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) referred to Algeria's figure for many years, but in 2005 concern about it being inflated led the organization to reduce its working figure to 90,000 based on satellite imagery analysis. The United Nations brokered a ceasefire in 1991, but talks have since failed to find a lasting settlement in Africa's longest-running territorial dispute. Many residents are using mud to make bricks and rebuild their homes after floods damaged the area last year. Summary. By the end of 2003, there were more than 26,000 registered Sahrawi refugees in Mauritania. Western Sahara100% (1/1) The Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria, are a collection of refugee camps set up in the Tindouf Province, Algeria in 1975–76 for Sahrawi refugees fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War. For four decades tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees have lived in remote refugee camps in the Sahara desert near the Algerian town of … Children stand in front of a house that was damaged by floods. The project focus in the Saharawi youth living in the refugee camp of Smara. Morocco's annexation of Western Sahara prompted a rebellion by the Polisario Front backed by Morocco's neighbour Algeria. Saharawi child plays with a toy, built with poor material, in the Saharawi refugee camp Smara on January 14, 2008 in Tindouf, Algeria. The Sahrawis in the liberated areas, as well as refugee camps in Algeria, participate in the country's democratic elections. The refugees cannot afford to buy fuel for generators so they depend on car batteries to power lights when night falls. Living in the refugee camps. [14], An ethnoreligious group indigenous to North Africa, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the Moroccan-occupied part of Western Sahara, "Western Sahara (Report on Human Rights Practices)", "Country of Origin Information Report. Western Sahara: Aid caravans for benefit of Sahrawi refugees APS - 05 January 2021 ALGIERS- The Algerian-Western Sahara Friendship Group, in coordination with the Algerian National Committee of Solidarity with the Sahrawi People (CNASPS), will send next Thursday aid caravans for the benefit of Saharawi refugees in the camps near Tindouf. In 1998, UN's Minurso mission identified 42,378 voting-age adults in the camps, counting only those who had contacted the mission's registration offices and subsequently been able to prove their descent from pre-1975 Western Sahara. Algeria", "UNHCR Global Report, Mauritania, p. 153", «El español en los compamentos de refugiados saharauis (Tinduf, Argelia)», "UNHCR thanks Algeria for her assistance to the Saharawi refugees", "QUATRIEME COMMISSION: LE MAROC RESTE ATTACHE AU PLAN DE REGLEMENT ET A LA TENUE D'UN REFERENDUM TRANSPARENT AU SAHARA OCCIDENTAL - Couverture des réunions & communiqués de presse", "Refworld - U.S. Committee for Refugees World Refugee Survey 2004 - Mauritania", "Western Sahara's stranded refugees consider renewal of Morocco conflict", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sahrawi_refugees&oldid=999460968, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 08:34. During the height of the Arab Spring in Libya in 2011, some 990,900 people (10 percent of Tunisia’s … [13] ECHO has so far donated nearly 200 million Euro for that purpose, beginning from 1993. The flag of Western Sahara flutters in the school playground. Morocco argues that Polisario and Algeria overestimate the numbers to attract political attention and foreign aid, while Polisario accuses Morocco of attempting to restrict human aid as a means of pressure on civilian refugee populations. A mural painted on a wall of the National Union of Sahrawi Women headquarters in Boudjdour camp reads in Spanish, "If the present is a struggle, the future is ours.". Some chose to immigrate to Europe, as part of the general migration wave from Africa, while others dispersed in Mauritania. Sahrawi refugees refers to the refugees of the Western Sahara War (1975–1991) and their descendants, who are still mostly populating the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. The Sahara desert near the Saharawi refugee camp Dakhla on December 31, 2018 in Tindouf, Algeria. Following the 1975 Green March, the Moroccan state has sponsored settlement schemes enticing thousands of Moroccans to move into the Moroccan-occupied part of Western Sahara (80% of the territory). [2][3] 90,000 estimated by the CIA world Factbook. [ comunicado oficial MAE espanol] [ El Moudjahid ] The Moroccan government contends that the total number of refugees is around 45,000 to 50,000, and also that these people are kept in the camps by Polisario against their will. Images of daily life at the Sahrawi refugee camps of Tindouf, in Algeria, and of the Liberated Territories of the Western Sahara, the part of the Western Sahara occupied by the Polisario Front troops.